Carpenter Ant Treatment
Carpenter Ants are large, from 1/4–3/8-inches long and are one-node ants. They are dark brown to black, but some may have red or yellow coloration. The Black Carpenter Ant, Camponotus pennsylvanicus, in the east and C. modoc in the west are the most thoroughly studied species in the United States. Other species of Camponotus are distributed throughout the country. The queens are slightly bigger than the workers. The workers of an established colony vary in size. The most common variety of Carpenter Ant is large and black, but the Florida Carpenter Ant is smaller and ranges in color from yellow, red, brown to black.
They build nests inside wood consisting of galleries chewed out with their mandibles, preferably in dead, damp wood. They do not consume the wood, however, unlike termites. Sometimes, carpenter ants hollow out sections of trees. They also commonly infest wooden buildings and structures, and are a widespread nuisance and major cause of structural damage. However, their ability to excavate wood helps in forest decomposition. One of the most familiar species associated with human habitation in the United States is the black carpenter ant (Camponotus pennsylvanicus). The genus includes over 1,000 species. They also farm aphids. In the farming, the ants protect the aphids while they excrete a sugary fluid called honeydew, which the ants get by stroking the aphids with their antennae.
Carpenter Ant Treatment consists of spraying the home inside and out with a liquid insecticide and then baiting the area the Carpenter Ants were observed. The home will be sprayed approximately 18 inches up the walls and 18 inches onto the grade. Window and doors will be treated around the exterior openings. All exterior baseboards will be treated on the interior as well. The area where the Carpenter Ants were observed will also be treated with bait. All Carpenter Ant treatments come with a three month warranty. Any additional necessary treatments during the three months will be done at no additional charge.
The advent of centrally heated homes has made it possible for termites to become a threat in virtually every region and state in the U.S. On average, there could be as many as 13 to 14 subterranean termite colonies per acre, which means that a typical home may easily have three to four colonies situated under or around it. There can be as many as 1,000,000 subterranean termites per colony; the threat of infestation becomes a very real one indeed.
Subterranean termites cause more damage to homes in U.S. than storms and fire combined; colonies can contain up to 1,000,000 members.
Subterranean termites nest in the soil to obtain moisture, but they also nest in wood that is often wet. They easily attack any wood in contact with the ground. If the wood does not contact the soil, termites can build mud tunnels or tubes to reach wood several feet above the ground. They can also enter a structure through expansion joints in concrete slabs or where utilities enter the house.
Winged termites emerging from the ground out-of-doors near the house do not necessarily mean the house is infested, but it is a good reason to check further. Termites in the wood of homes or other buildings usually come from colonies already established in the soil.
SUBTERRANEAN TERMITE BIOLOGY
Termites are small, ant-like insects. However, they differ from ants in that they feed off the cellulose in wood. Working largely unseen under the surface, they can tunnel through the wooden structural members in buildings and completely destroy them. Wood that comes in contact with the soil, such as the exterior trim or cladding on your home, provides a perfect point of entry for a termite colony.
Termites are social insects that live in colonies where labor is divided among a caste system. They have reproductives and soldier castes. In many termite societies there is also a distinct worker caste, but the typical duties of workers( nest building and food gathering and feeding the reproductives and soldiers) are handled by nymphs as well. Workers and nymphs do all the work, soldiers sole job is to defend the colony.
Winged adults are often called swarmers, they are primary reproductives. They emerge from the colonies on colonizing flights during certain seasons in the year. After the flights, the male(king) and female(queen) will pair up, lose their wings and construct a small cell in moist soil. They will mate, lay eggs, and rear the first group of workers. In colonies where the primary reproductives are not present, secondary reproductives (without color or functional wings)often occur in large numbers.
The three castes (workers, soldiers and reproductives) systems that have different functions.
Application of termite treatments to the soil and adjacent to the building forming a continuous barrier.
Foundational treatment is the application of termiticide to a foundation setting up a barrier against the termites. The objective is to place termiticide in all cracks at the footing as well as through the cracks in the foundation wall which may lead to the ground outside. Treating the inside of hollow concrete walls is an example of foundational treatment. The foundations are generally of three types: Slab, Basement, and Crawl space.
All three types of construction will require specialized treatment to form this chemical barrier. Treatment outside the structure may involve trenching and treating or rodding to treat the soil on the outside of the foundation, rodding beneath slabs, or vertical drilling and treating of outside slabs, stoops or porches. Treatments inside may involve trenching and treating the soil along foundation walls in crawl spaces, vertical drilling and treating slab foundations, rodding around bath traps and other utility openings, or treating wood directly.
Concrete Slab Construction: It is possible to trench around the outside of a slab after it has been poured, but this alone usually will not give satisfactory control because the termite colony may be entering the structure from the soil under the slab.
General Pest Control
General pest control is a method of putting up a continuous barrier around your home. This is done by spraying an insecticide inside and outside the perimeter of the home approximately 4 times a year or quarterly. This is to prevent general pests from entering the home such as ants, spiders, roaches, silverfish, and many others. If regular pest control is done, no insects are usually present within the home and will only occasionally a spot treatment or bait will have to be placed in addition.
An insecticide will be sprayed approximately three feet up the perimeter of the wall and three feet onto the grade. All windows and door perimeters will be spray as well as all the eaves of the home. Inside the home, the perimeter will be sprayed.
Preservation Pest Control/Your Choice Inspections is not responsible for any pest damage to the structure and property before, during, or after the inspections or treatment, or for any contents within.